You’ve decided to allow self-service in your organization. Here are the things you need to consider before you move ahead.
Before you begin self-service
Develop your governance plan
If you do not have one already, now is an excellent time to develop your governance plan. You are opening the doors to everyone and they need intuitive directions for what they can and cannot do. Outlining this ahead of time will reduce the surprises a few months down the line of self-service.
A wonderful resource to kickoff this planning is Sue Hanley’s Governance Policy and Guideline Questions. This slide deck walks through the information architecture of your environment, external sharing capabilities, alignment with other Office 365 services, and more.
Create a short one pager of your governance in layman’s terms to be shared with the business when you begin training. Focus on things that matter most to the end users: whether they can create Team and Communication sites, naming conventions for their site, custom permissions within the site, and folders versus metadata. Reach out and ask some of your SharePoint champions about what they are most interested in or review your help requests for common themes.
Set up auditing
Your governance plan is in place so how will you track the activities in your environment to maintain it? Microsoft does provide some auditing, though the examples below may require a third-party tool or custom development. Some common areas to focus on include:
- New Team and Communication site creation – Be aware of what is being made in your environment and reduce the occurrence of shadow sites
- Team sites that have been unused for 90 days – It is part of the natural lifecycle for team sites to no longer be needed as projects end. Have a decommissioning plan in place for the sites you no longer need.
- Sites without valid owners – These are like a ship without a rudder. Having a Site Owner for each site will support your governance policy by having a responsible party overseeing the activity in their site.
Consider Site designs
What are the common site needs across your organization? What do you find yourself manually building each time you spin up a new site for an end user? You can create new site designs or edit the default templates to have these automatically provisioned for you.
For example, your organization is focusing on standardizing the project management of smaller projects across the organization. The team identified that each team site should have a SharePoint List to track action items. You can include this in the site design so any time a new SharePoint team site is created it will automatically have the action item list.
Laura Kokkarinen created an Ultimate Guide to Site Designs and Site Scripts that walks through every aspect from what they are to how to build them and where site designs are headed in the Office 365 landscape.
Opening up self-service
You have done the prework to develop a governance plan, set up auditing, and create site designs for your organization. Now it is time to invite your end users to get involved.
Get feedback on what your end users want to learn
As you are developing your training be sure to check in with your audience. What are they most interested in learning? What are they trying to build to help their function be more productive? Target the people who are most enthused about SharePoint as well as those with the most questions. You will have a varied audience and getting feedback from the full spectrum will help you tailor your training content.
Outline roles and responsibilities
In your training include a table of the roles and responsibilities. This will clarify to your end users where IT is still involved to support their initiatives. Your governance plan defined a few of these key areas already. If you have a formal training policy at your organization, you might also include an agreement to be signed at the end of the training (or a brief test to display understanding of the key concepts).
Celebrate your site owners’ efforts
Whether your SharePoint self-service training is optional or required, celebrate your site owners’ initiative to learn SharePoint better and build collaboration tools for their teams. Feature their site as a case study in a company newsletter or create custom swag for site owners to receive at the end of training. Providing public recognition will showcase the efforts of your site owners and provide additional advertising of your self-service initiative to the business.
Provide long-term support
While your site owners are diving into their new sites, it can be easy to overlook the need for continued support. Microsoft is continually releasing new features, your governance plan is changing as the company grows, and you have new initiatives for the intranet on the horizon. Include your site owners in quarterly meetings to highlight the changes that are coming and continue getting their feedback on their experiences. Consider recertification for your site owners to keep their skills fresh. Host office hours or monthly meetups to exchange ideas and talk through common challenges. The most successful sites will never be finished as they continue to evolve with the business.
From governance through long-term support, your work preparing the organization for SharePoint site self-service will support the continued growth and business usage of your intranet.
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